Your doctor will conduct the following during the well-woman exam:
- Breast exam
- Pelvic exam – to check for uterine or ovarian abnormalities and screen for cervical cancer.
- Depending on age, a mammogram or bone density scan may be ordered.
- Depending on age, a Pap smear and possibly a test for the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) may be ordered.
First, your doctor or nurse will ask about your medical history and your family’s medical history.
These questions help them give you the care that’s right for you, so try to be as honest and as complete as you can. They’ll ask you questions like:
- When was your last period?
- How often do you have periods?
- How long do they last?
- Do you ever bleed/spot between periods?
- Do you have any unusual pain, itching, or discharge from your vagina or vulva?
- Do you have any other medical conditions?
- What medical problems do other members of your family have?
- Are you sexually active? (In other words: have you ever had vaginal, anal, or oral sex?)
- Do you have sex with men, women, or both?
- Is sex ever painful?
- Do you bleed during or after sex?
- Are you using birth control?
- Do you think you might be pregnant?
- Do you want to get pregnant?
- What do you do to prevent STDs?
Your doctor or nurse may also ask you about alcohol or other drug use, allergies, illnesses, infections, smoking, and any surgery you might have had. All these things can affect your reproductive health, so be honest.